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Wednesday , 14th April 2021
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Dindigul District Profile

  • Dindigul district is bounded by Tiruchirappalli in the northeast, Karur district in the North, Tiruppur district in the West, Madurai and Theni districts in the South
  • The District lies between 10º05’00’’N to 10º49'50’’N Latitude, 77º16’30’’E to 78º19'30’’E Longitude and has an areal extent of 6058 sq.km.
  • There are 14 Blocks, 306 Villages and 3779 Habitations in the District.

Physiography and Drainage

  • Dindigul district forms parts of Cauvery, Vaigai, and Pamper basins. The northern part of the district falls in the Cauvery basin.
  • The main rivers that drain this basin are Shanmuganadhi, Nangangiar and Kodaganar River. The Southern part of the district falls under Vaigai basin.
  • The main rivers that drain in this basin are Marudha Nadhi, Manjalar and Vaigai River.
  • The Pamper basin forms the eastern part of the district and the minor rivers in this basin are Thirumanimuthar and Palar-Puranthalar.

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
531.3 994.3 1118.6 502.3 925.5 930.54

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Hard Rock Gneiss, Charnockite, Pegmatite, Granite, and Laterite,

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Discontinuous unconfined to semi-confined
aquifers in fissured formations.
Aquifer parameters: Well yield in lpm  
Transmissivity (T) m2/day 10-50
Permeability (K)m/day 0.7 - 2
Depth of Water level 4 m to 16m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 48 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analyzed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991, the average Groundwater level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post-monsoon is as follows:

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 536.56
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 636.75
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 119 %
Categorization of District Over -Exploited

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013 ) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 21 Ayyampalayam, Vatlagundu,
Chinnakkampatti, Chinnalpatti, Devathur,
Eriodu, Kallimanthayam, Kottanatham,
Kovilur, Nilakottai, Ayyalur, Oddanchathram,
Palakkanoothu, Palayam,
Puliyurnatham, Reddiarchatram,
Sanarpatti, Silvathur, Thoppampatti,
Vadamadurai, Vedasandur, Viruveedu
Critical (90%-100%) 5 Oruthattu, Pillaiyarnatham, Dindigal South, Dharmathupatti, Thappampatti
Semi-Critical (70%-90%) 9 Athoor, Ayakudi, Dindigul North,
Kambiliampatti, Korikadavu,
Natham, Pappampatti, Reddiapatti,
Senthurai
Safe (<70%) 5 Kodaikkanal, Neikkarapattai, Palani,
Pannaikadu, Thankikudi
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 40  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2018

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 3775

Partially covered 251(10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 3524 (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns (Water Supply Status - Sep 2016)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1 Palani 70467 74
2 Kodaikanal 36501 70
3 Dindigul 207327 46
4 Oddanchathram 30064 32
Town Panchayats
1 Ayyapalayam 12175 76
2 Batlagundu 22928 30
3 Chinnalapatti 26285 70
4 Nilakottai 22197 70
5 Pannaikadu 8731 105
6 Sithayankottai 13634 85
7 Vedachandur 11730 35
8 Ayakudi 27156 95
9 Neikaranpatti 11753 80
10 Keeranur 7200 75
11 Ammainaickenaur 19257 34
12 Balasamuthiram 14179 92
13 Palayam 15336 35
14 Natham 23660 23
15 Pattiveeranpatti 17100 80
16 Ayyalur 17100 34
17 Sevagapatti 11730 70
18 Sriramapuram 10653 42
19 Kannivadi 10369 42
20 Eriyodu 8890 42
21 Thadikombu 18838 45
22 Vadamadhurai 18018 42
23 Agaram 15610 44

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 51 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. 5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

6.80

9.23

13.30

13.91

10.79

10.47

9.16

12.72

15.19

29.0

13.57

11.05