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Wednesday , 14th April 2021
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Kancheepuram District Profile

  • Kancheepuram district is bounded by Thiruvallur and Chennai districts in the North, Villupuram district in the South, the Bay of Bengal in the East and Tiruvannamalai and Vellore districts in the West.
  • The District lies between 12º14'00”N to 13º02'00”N Latitude, 79º 31’30”E to 80º 15' 30”E Longitude and has an areal extent of 4307 sq.km
  • There are 13 Blocks, 633 Villages and 4015 Habitations in the District

Physiography and Drainage

  • The seasonal rivers like Araniyar & Korattalaiar and Thondiar drain in the northern and southern part of the district. The Palar, Araniyar & Korattalaiar and Thondiar river basins which are used for drinking and irrigation purpose.
  • Kancheepuram district is classified into coastal areas and other plain lands with small intermittent hills.
  • Few residual hills such as St.Thomas Mount, Thirukkalukundram hills and Vandalur hills are found in the district. The general elevation of the district ranges from 0.5m to 230m above MSL.
  • River Palar is a major river course, which drains this district originates from the Western Ghats in Karnataka State. Cheyyar and Vegavathi are the small tributaries of Palar river.

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
905.2 907.9 2256.6 990.5 1191.7 1227.26

Geology:

Rock Type Sedimentary 70% Hard Rock 30%
Hard Rock Granite, Gneiss, Chronockite,Sandstone, Sandy clay, Laterite, Alluvium and Marine deposits

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Water table conditions in Hard Rock Areas.
Aquifer parameters Hard rock Alluvial formation
Well yield (lpm): 45 – 220 150 – 400
Transmissivity (T)(m 2/day) 10 – 80 200 – 300
Permeability (K)(m/day) 0.5 – 2.5 20 - 30
Depth of Water level 5m to 12.5m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 47 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analyzed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991, the average Groundwater level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post-monsoon is as follows:

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 1055.25
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 694.19
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 66 %
Categorization of District Safe

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of Firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 5 Govindhavadi, L.Endathur,
Sirukaveripakkam,
Walajabad,Singapermual Koil
Critical (90%-100%) 8 Arumpuliyur ,Nerumbur
Pallur, Thirukazhukundram,
Appur, Thirupulivanam,Thirruppu Kuzhi, Orathi
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 15 Acchirupakkam,
Chengalpattu, Cheyyur, Chithamur,
Guduvancheri, Kaliyampoondi,
vandalur,
Kattankulathur, Kunnavakkam,
Mamallapuram, Mangadu, Nerumbur,
Onampakkam, Ponvilayanthakalathur,
Uthiramerur
Safe (<70%) 39 Alanthur, Chitlapakkam, Kadapakkam,
Kancheepuram, Karugkuzhi
Karumbakkam, Kayapakkam, Manambathy
Kelambakkam, Kodur, Kunrathur, Lathur,
Madambakkam, Madhuranthakam, Nellikuppam
Maduramangalam, Maharal,
Medavakkam, Padappai, Mabakkam
Pallavaram, Pallikaranai, Pammal,
Parandur, Perumpakkam, Salavakkam,
Serappanacheri, Sholinganallur,
Sriperumpudur, Sunampedu,
Sunkuvarchatram, Tambaram,
Thandalam, Thenneri, Thiruporur,
Vaiyanur, Vallam(K),Chittiambakkam
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 67  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2018

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 4014

Partially covered 72 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 3942 (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water Supply Status - 1.4.2018)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1 Kancheepuram 164384 85
2 Chengalpattu 62579 56
3 Maduranthagam 30796 75
4 Tambaram 174787 74
5 Pallavaram 215417 42
6 Anakaputhur 48050 57
7 Pammal 75870 61
8 Maraimalai Nagar 81872 89
9 Sembakkam 45356 65
Town panchayats
1 Thiruneermalai 30702 74
2 Perungalathur 37342 70
3 Thirukalukundram 29391 70
4 Walajabad 14684 85
5 Kunrathur 54986 70
6 Chitlapakkam 37906 71
7 Uthiramerur 25194 72
8 Sriperumbudur 24864 71
9 Mamalapuram 15172 78
10 Karunguzhi 12485 70
11 Madambakkam 31681 71
12 Peerkankaranai 43493 71
13 Thiruporur 13666 100
14 Mangadu 38188 72
15 Nandivaram Guduvancheri 44098 72
16 Acharapakkam 10362 72
17 Edaikazhinadu 28172 73

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 47 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. 5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

5.40

9.87

8.94

10.29

16.22

9.66

5.23

6.69

10.67

13.0

8.98

9.30