Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.
Thursday , 23rd September 2021
Section: State-district-profile pages are not under access control

Kanniyakumari District Profile

  • Kanniyakumari is the southernmost district of Tamil Nadu State. The District is bounded by Tirunelveli District on the North and the east.
  • The South Eastern boundary is flanked by Gulf of Mannar. On the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. On the West and North West it is bound by Kerala State.
  • The District lies between 8o 03' and 8o 35' N Latitude, 77o 15' and 77o 36' E Longitude and has an areal extent of 1684 sq.km.
  • There are 9 Blocks, 95 Villages and 1379 Habitations in the District.

Physiography and Drainage

  • The major river in the district is Kuzhithuraiar.
  • This river has got two major distributaries namely Kodayar and Paralayar. There are many tributaries for Kodayar River and among them are Chittar I and Chittar II rivers.
  • The origin of Kodayar River is the Western Ghats and the river confluences with the Arabian Sea near Thengaipattanam, at a distance of about 56 Km. west of Cape Comorian, the southernmost tip of India.
  • Valliar, another small river, and its tributary Thoovalar, originates from Velimalai Hills, and confluences with the Arabian Sea near Manavalakurichi. Pazhayar is another small river draining the district.

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Hard Rock 80%
Sedimentary 20%
Charnockite, Gneiss, Granite Alluvium,
Sandy clay, Marine deposits

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1201.2 1317.1 1813.9 793.5 1165.1 1289.3 1302.5

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Water table conditions in Hard Rock Areas.
Aquifer parameter Transmissivity (T)(m 2/day) 3.946 to 15.92
Depth of Water level 0.4m to 11.2m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 16 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analyzed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991, the average Groundwater level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post-monsoon is as follows:

5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

Jan
2018
May
2018
Jan
2019
May
2019

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

5.50

8.71

5.80

7.36

4.77

5.00

4.14

6.46

7.26

31.3

5.6 7.1 5.7 6.3

5.5

7.7

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 304.46
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 57.43
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 19 %
Categorization of District Safe

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of Firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) -  
Critical (90%-100%) -  
Semi-Critical (70%-90%) 1 Rajakkamangalam
Safe (<70%) 17 Arumanai, Azhaipandipuram,
Bhoothapandy, Colachel, Edaicode,
Midalam, Kulasekaram, Kurunthencode,
Kanniyakumari, Nagercoil, Painkulam,
Suchindram,
Thiruvattar, Thiruvithancode, Thovalai,
Thuckalay, Vilavancode
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 18  

Water supply status as on 1.4.2021

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 1156

Partially covered 0 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 1156  (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water Supply Status - 1.8.2019)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1 Kuzhithurai 201307 94
2 Padmanabapuram 21342 86
3 Nagercoil 224849 94
4 Kulachal 23227 91
Town Panchayats
1 Agastheeswaram
9717
90
2 Alagappapuram
9626
77
3 Alur
15063
95
4 Anjugramam
10982
94
5 Aralvaimozhi
22846
79
6 Arumanai
16283
79
7 Athur
11910
80
8 Azhagiapandiapuram
11392
81
9 Balapallam
18589
110
10 Boothapandi
15931
77
11 Edaikodu
25378
75
12 Eraniel
10375
80
13 Ezhudesam
24657
76
14 Ganapathipuram
14598
90
15 Kadayal
21665
78
16 Kaliyakkavilai
15625
72
17 Kallukuttam
19093
91
18 Kanniyakumari
22453
85
19 Kappiyarai
15998
121
20 Karungal
16691
113
21 Kilkulam
17327
132
22 Killiyur
20938
111
23 Kollankodu
38385
73
24 Kothinallur
17662
95
25 Kottaram
11055
74
26 Kulasekarapuram
17267
86
27 Kumarapuram
14728
94
28 Manavalakurichi
10969
85
29 Mandaikadu
13317
86
30 Marungur
11236
79
31 Mulagumudu
19538
87
32 Myladi
10070
74
33 Nallur
17989
95
34 Neiyyur
12917
76
35 Pacode
24050
75
36 Pazhugal
18276
77
37 Ponmani
15554
91
38 Pudukadai
9909
78
39 Puthalam
13073
89
40 Reethapuram
21177
102
41 Suchindram
13193
77
42 Thalakudi
8992
74
43 Thengampudur
14538
87
44 Thenthamaraikulam
11872
86
45 Thesur
7615
76
46 Thingalnagar
13567
91
47 Thiruparappu
22401
79
48 Thiruvattaru
18985
84
49 Thiruvithankodu
18723
90
50 Unnamalaikadai
23656
77
51 Valvaithankoshtam
16965
89
52 Vellimalai
13182
91
53 Verkilambi
19730
90
54 Vilavur
14320
95
55 Villukuri
15304
92