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Monday , 29th November 2021
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Madurai District Profile

  • Madurai district is bounded by Sivaganga district in the East, Theni district in the West, Tiruchirappalli and Dindigul districts in the North and Virudhunagar district in the South.
  • The District lies between 9º33'30’ ’N to 10º18'50’’ N Latitude, 77º29'10’ ’E to 78º28’45’’ E Longitude and has an areal extent of 3696 sq.km.
  • There are 13 Blocks, 420 Villages and 2263 Habitations in the District

Physiography and Drainage

  • Central Part of Madurai district is drained by Vaigai River and Gundar river that forms parts of Vaigai. Northern Part of the district is drained by Pambar.
  • Southeastern part of the district (part of Sedapatti and Kallupatti blocks) falls in Vaippar basin and the area is drained by Arjuna Nadi.

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Hard Rock Charnockite, Granite, Gneiss, Quartzite, Pegmatite, and Alluvium

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
610.1 744.1 1002.4 510.2 904.6 734.1 927.9

Hydrogeology:

Type of aquifer Water table conditions
Aquifer parameters Hard rock Alluvial formation
Well yield (lpm): 45 – 135 315 – 1080
Transmissivity (T)(m 2/day) 15 – 60 210 – 1500
Permeability (K)(m/day) 0.98 – 2.45 19.57 – 48.93
Specific capacity inm 3/m/DD 0.6 – 6.53 0.554 - 7.6
Depth of Water level 5 m to 14m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 31 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon.Since 1991,the average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

Jan
2018
May
2018
Jan
2019
May
2019

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

9.70

11.50

9.10

10.53

6.86

7.39

6.15

9.31

9.73

8.7

7.0 10.0 7.1 11.0

7.95

10.5

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 658.68.
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 380.27
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 58 %
Categorization of District Safe

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2011 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 5 Usilampatti, Uthappanaickanur,
Muduvarpatti, Palamedu,A.Vellalapatti
Critical (90%-100%) 5 Sedapatti,Kokkulam,Kottampatti,Madurai West, Sindhupatti
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 13 Madurai East, Madurai West, Pudukotta,
Vellalur, Athipatti, Elumalai,
Peraiyur,
Thirumangalam, Karumathur
Safe (<70%) 28 Alanganallur, Appan
thirupathi, Arumabanur, Avaniyapuram, Sivarakkottai
Chathrapatti, Kallandhiri,
Karungalakudi, Keelavalavu,
Koolapandi, Kulamangalam,
Kunnathur(M), Kuraiyur, Melavalavu,
Melur(M), Mothagam,
Othakkadai, Rajakkur,
Sakkimangalam, Samayanallur,
Sathamangalam, Solavandhan,
T.Kallupatti, Thanichiam
Thirupparan Kundram, Thiruvathavur,
Valayankulam, Virathanur
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 51  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2021

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 1946

Partially covered 1260 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 686 (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water Supply Status - 1.7.2019)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Corporation
1 Madurai 1017865 93
Municipalities
1 Usilampatti 35219 45
2 Melur 40017 90
3 Thirumangalam 51194 90
Town Panchayats
1 Periyaiyur 10394 71
2 Paravai 20042 77
3 Sholavandan 22578 77
4 Alanganallur 12331 76
5 Vadipatti 26830 73
6 Palamedu 10493 70
7 T.Kallupatti 10762 84
8 A.Vellalapatti 8325 73
9 Elumalai 15746 73