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Sunday , 26th September 2021
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Ranipet District Profile

  • Ranipet district is bounded by Tiruvellore, Kancheepuram Districts in the East, Tiruvannamalai District in the South and Vellore District in the West and State of Andhra Pradesh in the North.
  • The District lies between 12º93’20.63’’ to 12º55’55.42’’ North Latitude and 79º33’66’’ to 79º20’47’’ East Longitude and has an area extent of 2,234.32 sq.km.

Physiography and Drainage

  • Ranipet district can be broadly classified as Plain region with small hillock.
  • Where, the Palar river region is plain and sloping towards east..
  • The Palar river in its course is successively enriched by the tributaries in this district is Ponnai river.
  • Palar is not a perennial river and occurrence of flood is very rare and of very short duration.
  • However river Palar has good thickness of Alluvium of all through.

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Hard Rock 90%

Sedimentary 10%

Charnockite, Granite, Gneiss, Pegmatite and Quatrzite

Recent sandy formation

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Actual Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
1363.4 686.4 1396.6 984.0 956.6 953.4

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 20 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. 5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

Jan
2018

May
2018

Jan
2019

May
2019

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

15.7

20.9

4.02

8.14

10.2

16.6

7.01

9.27

9.95

20.9

12.6 9.79

Sustainability:

With a view to enhance the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistances. The Recharge Structures implemented so far in district is as under.

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of firkas as of 2017 for the District in is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on 2017) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 6 Arcot, Kalavai, Nemili, Pudupadi, Thimiri and Walajah
Critical (90%-100%) 2 Mambakkam, Pallur
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 8 Arakonam (south), Kaveripakkam, Panapakkam, Paranji, Ranipet, Velam, Visharam and Thiruvalam
Safe (<70%) 4 Arakonam(North), Banavaram, Melpadi, Sholinghur
Others (Poor& Saline) 0  
Total 20  

Rural Habitations:

Total No. of Rural Habitations : 1593

Partially covered 422 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 1171(40 lpcd and above)