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Wednesday , 14th April 2021
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Sivagangai District Profile

  • Sivaganga district is bounded by Pudukkottai district in the Northeast, Ramanathapuram district in the East, Virudhunagar district in the Southwest, and Madurai in the West.
  • The District is located between 09º 30'N to 10º 25'N Latitude, and 78º 07'E to 79º 01’E Longitude and has an areal extent of 4143 sq.km.
  • There are 12 Blocks, 445 Villages and 3352 Habitations in the District.

Physiography and Drainage

  • The northern part of the District is drained by the rivers Pambar, Manimuttar, and Sarugani rivers and the southern part is drained by Vaigai River.
  • The northern, western part of the district comprising of Tiruppathur taluk is a high ground studded will hillocks and residual hills.
  • The stretch trending north east to south west extending from Puduvayal to Manamadurai is an upland. The rest of the area is a plain alluvial terrain.

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
724.80 964.0 1116.20 710.9 967.5 932.6 872.8

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Sedimentary Rock 60% ,Hard Rock 40% Sandstone, Laterite, Silt,Alluvium, Charnockite, Gneiss, Granite, Quartzite

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Unconfined in hard rocks.Semi confined
to Confined in sedimentary.
Aquifer parameters Hard rock formation Sedimentary
Well yield in lpm 50 - 150 400 - 2200
Transmissivity (T)m2/day 20 - 70 300 - 2500
Permeability (K)(m/day)) 1.02 - 2.54 20.45 - 64.45
Depth of Water level 3 m to 10m  

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 985.89
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 157.16
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 16 %
Categorization of District Safe

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of firkas as of March 2011 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) -  
Critical (90%-100%) -  
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 1 Varappur.
Safe (<70%) 37 A. Thiruvuduirpuram, Devakottai,
Ilayangudi, Ilayathakudi, Kalayarkovil,
Kallal, Kandadevi, Kannangudi,
Karaikudi, Konthagai, Mallal,
Manamadurai, Maravamangalam,
Mathagupatti, Mithravayal, Muthanenthal,
Natchiyapuram, Nattarasankottai,
Nerkuppai, Okkur, Pallathur, Periyakottai(S),
Puzhiyal, S.S.Kottai, Sakkottai,
Salaigramam, Sarugani, Seikalathur,
Singampunari, Sivagangai, Sooranam,
Thamarakki, Thayamangalam, Thirukostiyur,
Thiruppachethy, Thiruppathur, Thiruppuvanam.
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 38  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2018

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 3352

Partially covered 176 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 3176 (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water Supply Status - 1.8.2019)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1 Karaikudi 106714 112
2 Devakottai 51865 81
3 Sivaganga 40403 73
Town Panchayats
1 Thiruppuvanam 24554 73
2 Nattarasankottai 5860 75
3 Puduvayal 11284 76
4 Kanadukathan 5275 78
5 Ilayangudi 24767 63
6 Kottaiyur 14766 75
7 Kandanur 7696 74
8 Singampuneri 18143 78
9 Palathur 9580 77
10 Manamadhurai 32257 72
11 Thirupathur 25980 60
12 Nerkuppai 7165 53

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 79 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. 5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

Jan
2018
May
2018
Jan
2019
May
2019

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

9.40

13.57

12.40

12.11

12.21

14.10

15.59

18.15

20.72

25.7

23.6 25.5 13.9 26.3

15.4

19.3