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Saturday , 31st July 2021
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Tiruppur District Profile

  • Tiruppur district is bounded by Karur district in the East, Coimbatore in the West, and Erode in the North and Dindigul district in the South.
  • The District lies between 10º 14'N to 11º 20'N Latitude, 77º 27'E to 77º 56'E Longitude and has an areal extent of 2296 sq.km.
  • There are 13 Blocks, 265 Villages and 3597 Habitations in the District.

Physiography and Drainage

  • The southern part of the Tiruppur district is covered by hill ranges of Western Ghats (Anamalai, Sirumuga malai, Nilgiri , Boluvampatti, Janakal and Velligiri) and the rest of the district consists of undulating plain sloping gradually from West to East.
  • The major rivers flowing through the district are Noyyal and Amaravathi, which come under the Cauvery basin.
  • Chinnar and Tenar rivers are the main tributary of Amravati River, which is the main source of irrigation in the district.
  • Nallar and Palar river are covered under the Parambikulam-Aliyar basin.
  • Both Amaravathi dam and Thirumurthy dam are the prime source of irrigation in the district, whereas Uppaar dam is another dam which receives water from seasonal rains.

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Hard Rock Gneiss, Charnockite, Granite, Quartzite, Laterite and Alluvium

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
703.00 360.10 277.60 411.2 679.8 618.14

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Semi confined to unconfined aquifers
Well yield in lpm >50 - 300 lpm
Transmissivity (T)m2/day 1.49 - 164.18
Permeability (K)(m/day)) 0.25 - 26.75
Depth of Water level 7 m to 25m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 38 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991,the years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

9.60

9.14

19.10

25.23

11.83

8.47

7.75

12.16

16.3

23.9

15.32

10.68

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 443.25
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 562.48
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 127 %
Categorization of District Over Exploited

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of Firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013)) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 21 Avinashi(E), Avinashi(W),
Avinashipalayam(S),
Gudimangalam, Kangeyam, Kannivadi,
Karadivavi, Kundadam, Kunnathur,
Mulanur, Palladam, Periavalavadi,
Perumanallur, Pethappampatti,
Pongalur, Ponnapuram, Samalapuram,
Sankarandampalayam,
Tiruppur (S), Uthiyur, Uthukuli.
Critical (90%-100%) 4 Vellakoil, Cheyur, Nathakadaiyur, Tiruppur (N)
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 5 Dharapuram, Udumalpet, Thungari, Kuichikottai, Alangiyam
Safe (<70%) 1 Madathukulam
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 31  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2021

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 2455

Partially covered 32 (10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 2423 (40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water supply status - 1.4.2018)

S.NO Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Corporation
1 Tiruppur 444352 80
Municipalities
1 Dharapuram 56007 75
2 Vellakoil 40359 90
3 Udumalaipettai 61133 123
4 Kangeyam 32147 85
5 Palladam 7263 85
Town Panchayats
1 Avanashi 28868 70
2 Chinnakkampalayam 11546 70
3 Dhali 5874 70
4 Kaniyur 6180 70
5 Kannivadi 10369 70
6 Kolathupalayam 17819 70
7 Komaralingam 13642 72
8 Kunnathur 8774 148
9 Madathukulam 20620 70
10 Mulanur 15223 70
11 Muthur 13212 70
12 Rudravathi
( Kondadam)
6807 70
13 Samalapuram 20691 70
14 Sankaramanallur 10283 70
15 Thirumuruganpoondi 31528 70
16 Uthukuli 10130 70