Sorry, you need to enable JavaScript to visit this website.
Monday , 29th November 2021
Section: State-district-profile pages are not under access control

Virudhunagar District Profile

  • Virudhunagar district is located in the South Western part of Tamil Nadu bounded by Ramanathapuram district in the East, Kerala State in the West, Madurai, Theni districts in the North and Tirunelveli and Thoothukkudi Districts in the South.
  • The District lies between 9º12'N to 9º47'N Latitude, 77º 23'E to 78º 25'E Longitude and has an areal extent of 4283 sq.km.
  • There are 11 Blocks, 450 Villages and 1924 Habitations in the District.

Physiography and Drainage

  • The District is divided into two distinct regions (viz) (i) the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats in Srivilliputhur and Rajapalayam taluks with undulations and (ii) eastern plains.
  • The Western Ghats occur as a series of parallel ridges running in an NE – SW directions and the eastern plain region is a flat terrain with isolated hillocks around Aruppukottai and Sattur.
  • The area falls in two major river basins namely Vaippar and Gundar.
  • River Vaippar originates from the Echamalai Mottai near Sivagiri in Tirunelveli District and flows in the easterly and southeasterly direction before it debouches into Gulf of Mannar.
  • The river has a number of tributaries of which Arjuna Nadi is an important one.

Geology:

Rock Type Geological Formation
Sedimentary Rock 90%,Hard Rock 10% ChGneiss, Charnockite, Quatrzite,Pegamatite, Laterite, Sandstone and Alluvium

Rainfall:

The average annual rainfall and the 5 years rainfall collected from IMD, Chennai is as follows:

Acutal Rainfall in mm Normal Rainfall in mm
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
617.40 648.50 879.0 375.3 800 759.5 820.1

Hydrogeology:

Type of Aquifer Unconfined to Semi confined conditions
Aquifer parameters Hard rock River Alluvium
Well yield in lpm 40 - 110 200 - 400
Transmissivity (T)m2/day 0.224 - 0.6 14.91 - 671.14
Permeability (K)(m/day)) 0.049 - 0.147 19.57 - 83.17
Depth of Water level 7 m to 18m

Ground Water Level:

The Ground Water levels from the 60 number of observation wells of TWAD have been analysed for Post-Monsoon and Pre-Monsoon. Since 1991,the average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

5 years average Ground water level in m Below Ground Level for pre and post monsoon is as follows:

Jan
2013

May
2013

Jan
2014

May
2014

Jan
2015

May
2015

Jan
2016

May
2016

Jan
2017

May
2017

Jan
2018
May
2018
Jan
2019
May
2019

5 Years
Pre Monsoon
Average

5Years
Post Monsoon
Average

7.80

13.12

12.70

11.50

9.35

9.60

4.98

7.38

10.84

11.5

5.0 10.4 5.3 8.2

8.0

10.2

Sustainability:

With a view to enhancing the Sustainability of the drinking water sources, recharge structures are being implemented by TWAD Board under various State and Central Government assistance.

The Recharge Structures implemented so far is as under.

Groundwater Potential as on March 2011 (as per CGWB):

Net Groundwater Availability (in MCM) 495.19
Existing Gross Groundwater draft for all users (in MCM) 341.86
Stage of Groundwater development (in %) 69%
Categorization of District Safe

Categorization of Firkas:

The status of Categorization of Firkas as of March 2013 for the District is shown below.

Categorisation based on Extraction (as on March 2013) No. of Firkas Firkas
Over Exploited (>100%) 5 Cholapuram (V), Keelarajakularaman,
Nathampatti, Ethirkottai, Vatchakara-
Patti.
Critical (90%-100%) 4 Mallankinar, Mangalam,
Salwarpatti, Vatchakara-
Patti .
Semi Critical (70%-90%) 11 Amathur, Iyankollankondan, Kottaiyur,
Malli, Nalli, Rajapalayam
Ondipulinaickanur, Srivilliputtur, Watrap, Elayiran-Pannai, Sivakasi
Safe (<70%) 16 A.Mukkulam, Aruppukottai, Kalkuruchi,
Kariapatti, Mudukkan-kulam, Narikudi,
Nenmeni, Palayamapatti, Pandalkudi,
Paralatchi, Sattur, Seithur, Thiruchuli,
Veeracholan, Virudhunagar, Mandapasalai.
Others (Poor& Saline) -  
Total 36  
Water supply status as on 1.4.2021

Rural Habitations

Total No. of Rural Habitations: 1760

Partially covered 1335(10-39 lpcd )
Fully covered 425(40 lpcd and above)

Urban Towns ( Water supply status - 1.7.2019)

S.No Name of Towns Population Present water supply level LPCD
Municipalities
1 Sivakasi 71040 48
2 Rajapalayam 130442 42
3 Sathur 29398 64
4 Srivilliputhur 75396 44
5 Virudhunagar 72296 59
6 Aruppukkottai 87722 46
7 Thiruthangal 55362 43
Town Panchayats
1 Chettiyarpatti 17520 23
2 Mallankinaru 12986 47
3 Vathiraruppu 16784 41
4 Sundarapandiyam 8513 108
5 Kariyapatti 18191 49
6 V.Pudupatti 8316 43
7 Seithur 20228 33
8 S.Kodikulam 12713 34
9 Mamsapuram 18635 55